It is today very difficult to imagine the world without the Internet – it seems almost similar to going back to the Dark Ages. Reaching for the smart phone or tablet or laptop to search for products or services or for a bout of online shopping has almost become second nature for most people. Smart phones coupled with the Internet has made the world a boundary less global village and more businesses and transactions are being carried out over the Internet than through traditional methods.
But where did all these begin and what actually is the Internet?
The Internet is a worldwide communication network of computers which in turn has millions of smaller affiliated networks. These might be business networks, government networks academic or domestic networks carrying various types of information related to its niche. The biggest with few billion users is the World Wide Web commonly known as www where most websites are based. It was created at CERN in Switzerland by British Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. The Internet on the other hand was developed in October 1969 in the USA by DARPA (United States Department of Defence Advanced Research Projects and was then called the ARPANET.
The present digital revolution is based on the variety of services provided on the Internet. The World Wide Web has websites that can be easily accessed by anybody until of course it is specifically blocked or requires a password to open. After www email has the most Internet usage and has made instant communication between two parties a reality.
While it is true that the Internet has enabled a more open society and brought about a host of advantages, it is also a fact that it has been used by unscrupulous elements to their advantage. People use the Internet to spread malicious lies and information, trick users into downloading viruses that damages computer systems and hack into confidential and personal data. The world incurs billions of dollars in losses due to all these factors.
The bright spot is that the benefits that the Internet showers on the world far outweigh the darker sides of it.